RouterBOARD devices come preinstalled with a RouterOS license, if you have purchased a RouterBOARD device, nothing must be done regarding the license.
For X86 systems (ie. PC devices), you need to obtain a license key.
The license key is a block of symbols that needs to be copied from your mikrotik.com account, or from the email you received in, and then it can be pasted into the router. You can paste the key anywhere in the terminal, or by clicking "Paste key" in Winbox License menu. A reboot is required for the key to take effect.
RouterOS licensing scheme is based on SoftwareID number that is bound to storage media (HDD, NAND).
Licensing information can be read from CLI system console:
[admin@RB1100] > /system license print software-id: "43NU-NLT9" upgradable-to: v7.x nlevel: 6 features: [admin@RB1100] >
You can purchase a Level 3, 4, 5 and 6. Level 1 is the demo license. The difference between license levels is shown in the table.
Level 3 is a wireless station (client) only license. Level 3 can only be obtained in large quantities.
Level 2 was a transitional license from old legacy (pre 2.8) license format. These licenses are not available anymore, if you have this kind of license, it will work, but to upgrade it - you will have to purchase a new license.
Note: current RouterOS version is 5 table modified according to that. The Upgradable-to below applies only to Keys purchased after release of v5
|Level number||0 (Demo mode)||1 (Free)||3 (WISP CPE)||4 (WISP)||5 (WISP)||6 (Controller)|
|Price||no key||registration required||volume only||$45||$95||$250|
|Upgradable To||-||no upgrades||ROS v6.x||ROS v6.x||ROS v7.x||ROS v7.x|
|Initial Config Support||-||-||-||15 days||30 days||30 days|
|Wireless AP||24h trial||-||-||yes||yes||yes|
|Wireless Client and Bridge||24h trial||-||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|RIP, OSPF, BGP protocols||24h trial||-||yes(*)
|EoIP tunnels||24h trial||1||unlimited||unlimited||unlimited||unlimited|
|PPPoE tunnels||24h trial||1||200||200||500||unlimited|
|PPTP tunnels||24h trial||1||200||200||500||unlimited|
|L2TP tunnels||24h trial||1||200||200||500||unlimited|
|OVPN tunnels||24h trial||1||200||200||unlimited||unlimited|
|VLAN interfaces||24h trial||1||unlimited||unlimited||unlimited||unlimited|
|HotSpot active users||24h trial||1||1||200||500||unlimited|
|RADIUS client||24h trial||-||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Web proxy||24h trial||-||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|User manager active sessions||24h trial||1||10||20||50||Unlimited|
|Number of KVM guests||none||1||Unlimited||Unlimited||Unlimited||Unlimited|
(*) - BGP is included in License Level3 only for RouterBOARDs, for other devices you need Level4 or above to have BGP.
RouterOS can be upgraded only to certain versions. For example if you are running RouterOS v5, your license could restrict the upgrade only to v6, and not to v7. The following examples describe how this is determined:
So the math is:
eg. L5/6 = v3 + 2 = v5.21 you can use
Since RouterOS 3.25 and 4.0beta3 new SoftID format is introduced. Your license menu will show both the old and the new SoftID. Even by upgrading to a new version, RouterOS will still work as before, but to use some of the new features, LICENSE UPDATE will be necessary. To do this, just click on "Update license key" button in Winbox (currently only in Winbox).
New SoftID's are in the form of XXXX-XXXX (Four symbols, dash, four symbols).
The following actions will be taken:
Important Note!: If you see this button also in v3.24, don't use it, it will not work.
If you ever wish to downgrade RouterOS, you will have to apply the OLD key before doing so. When RouterOS applies the NEW key, the OLD key is saved to a file, in the FILES folder, to make sure you have the old key handy.
Even more important: Don't downgrade v4.0b3 to v3.23 or older. Use only v3.24 for downgrading, or you might lose your new format key.
Formatting, and Re-Imaging the drive with non-mikrotik tools (like DD and Fdisk) will destroy your license! Be very careful and contact mikrotik support before doing this. It is not recommended, as mikrotik support might deny your request for a replacement license.
At the same time, the RouterOS license can be used only in one system. The License is bound to the HDD it is installed on, but you have the ability to move the HDD to another computer system. You cannot move the License to another HDD, neither can you format or overwrite the HDD with the RouterOS license. It will be erased from the drive, and you will have to get a new one. If you accidently removed your license, contact the support team for help.
As stated above, no.
It is a special key which is issued by the Support Team if you accidently lose the license, and the Mikrotik Support decides that it is not directly your fault. It costs 10$ and has the same features as the key that you lose. Note that before issuing such key, the Mikrotik Support can ask you to prove that the old drive is failed, in some cases this means sending us the dead drive.
No, simply copy it and paste into the Telnet window, or License menu in Winbox.
Copy license to Telnet Window (or Winbox New Terminal),
Another option to use Winbox License Window, click on System ---> License,
No, because if you use formatting or partitioning utilities, or tools that do something to the MBR, you will lose the license and you will have to make a new one. This process is not free (see Replacement Key above)
The RouterBOARD comes with an embedded license. You cannot move this license to a new system in any way, this includes upgrades applied to the RouterBOARD while it was still working.
The keys that you purchase from other vendors and resellers, are not in your account. Your mikrotik.com account only contains licenses purchased from MikroTik directly. However, you can use the "Request key" link in your account, to get the key into your account for reference, or for some upgrades (if available).
In the Account Server, which is located on www.mikrotik.com
You must contact the company who sold you the license, they will provide support
You can give access to keys with the help of Virtual Folders